General Medical Advice
Pharmacies, clinics and drug stores are spread around towns in Africa but lesser in the remote areas where most safari destinations are located. So it is best for you to get some pain killer and antibiotics, anti diarrhea and malaria tablets before you set off for your safari. If you are on special medication it is better to carry enough prescribed medicine from home that are enough to last for your entire trip.
It is advisable for the traveller to drink bottle mineral water in Africa and always ask the tour guide trusted water bottling companies. Tap water in Africa is not good for drinking.
It is also recommendable to carry insect repellents for insect bites and also body moisturizing cream, sunscreens and a hat to protect yourself from sunburns.
.HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Tourist to Africa that get involved in sexual activities stand a great risk of getting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. If you are to engage in sex always use a condom. The best way is to abstain from sex.
In most African countries it is a must to take yellow fever immunisation from your home country before you travel and you are supposed to deliver the immunization card at the airport failure to do so you might be refused to enter the country. it is also recommendable to immunize hepatitis B
No vaccinations are required when visiting South Africa. Visitors who are entering South Africa from a yellow fever zone must have a valid international yellow fever inoculation certificate. Hepatitis B inoculations are recommended for children up to the age of 12 years old who have not completed the series of injections as infants. Booster doses for tetanus and measles can also be administered.
Malaria is a risk to travellers especially those traveling the tropical region of Africa. These countries have very many forests and bushes are the main harbors of mosquitoes. Malaria cases are higher in the wetter months of November and march-may.
Personal Malaria protection
Always apply insect repellent on your body that contain DEET and wear long sleeved clothes, shoes and socks at night. Also sleep under a mosquito net and always spray an insecticide in your room at night. Most accommodation facilities offer these services to their clients and this should not be a problem apart from personal insect repellent.
Anti-malaria tablets (prophylaxis)
Anti malaria tablets should be prescribed from a professional doctor in your country, travellers normally start taking the prophylaxis a week before travelling to Africa. you should also know that sometimes the preventive measures might not work so if you get cold symptoms or fever within a few months of returning home please visit the doctor and test for malaria.